1500

First reported successful Cesarean section (mother and child surviving) performed by Jacob Nufer.

1701

First successful ovariotomy by Robert Houstoun.

1795

Pueperal sepsis first proposed to be due to infectious contagion as a result of observational, epidemiologic study in Aberdeen, Scotland by Alexander Gordon.

1809

First ovarian cystectomy (Danville, Kentucky) by Ephraim McDowell.

1812

First recorded vaginal hysterectomy (performed accidentally and unplanned) by Palletta.

1813

First modern, documented total vaginal hysterectomy (though certainly not the first) by C.J.M. Langenbeck.

1825

First ever blood transfusion, performed for postpartum hemorrhage by James Blundell.

1827

Fetal heart tone auscultated for the first time by John Creery Ferguson.

1833

First detailed account of fetal heart tones made by Evory Kennedy.

1843

First abdominal hysterectomy (the patient died) by Charles Clay.

1846

Ether first administered to a woman in labor by Crawford Williamson Long.

1847

Puerperal fever shown to be caused by infectious contagion through interventional trial proving that it could be prevented by Ignaz Semmelweis.

1847

Chloroform first used as an anesthetic, used during labor by James Young Simpson.

1849

Vesicovaginal fistula successfully treated with surgery by James Marion Sims.

1853

First successful adbominal hysterectomy by Walter Burnham.

1853

First successful, planned abdominal hysterectomy by Gilman Kimbell.

1866

First human artificial insemination by James Marion Sims.

1869

First operative hysteroscopy performed by D. Commander Pantaleoni.  

1872

First bilateral oopherectomy for menorrhagia by Robert Lawson Tait.

1872

First oopherectomy for sepsis by Robert Lawson Tait.

1876

First successful Cesarean Hysterectomy by Edoardo Porro.

1878

First cholecystotomy (patient died) by James Marion Sims.

1879

First successful cholecystotomy by Robert Lawson Tait.

1880

First removal of hydatid cyst by Robert Lawson Tait.

1880

First intentional appendectomy for acute appendicitis by Robert Lawson Tait.

1882

Classical Cesarean Section technique (including closing myotomy) first described by Max Sänger.

1883

First successful salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy by Robert Lawson Tait.

1890

First successful series of vaginal cesarean sections reported by Alfred Duhrssen.

1894

Use of rubber gloves in surgery popularized by Hunter Robb.

1898

First successful radical abdominal hysterectomy for cervical cancer by Ernst Wertheim.

1900

Spinal anesthesia first used in labor by Oskar Kreis.

1900

Transverse skin and fascial incision reported by Hermann Pfannenstiel.

1901

Epidural anesthesia first used in labor by Walter Stoeckel.

1921

First successful laparoscopy performed (through incision in vaginal fornix) by Dimitri Oh.

1936

Sulphonamides first used to treat puerperal fever in Queen Charlotte's Hospital by Leonard Colebrook.

1941

First screening test for cancer introduced (for cervical cancer) by George Nicholas Papanicolau.

1942

Penicillin first used successfully in a human patient, Anne Miller, to treat septic abortion by Orvan Hess.

1943

Clinical efficacy and pharmicokinetics of Penicillin established (originally for treatment of syphilis) by Wallace E. Herrell.

1944

Modern laparoscopy technique introduced (insufflation, Trendelenburg position, etc.) by Raoul Palmer.

1953

Oxytocin synthesized (the first posterior pituitary hormone synthesized) by Vincent du Vingeaud.

1958

Ultrasound developed (originally for obstetric use) by Ian Donald.

1960

Automatic insufflator invented for laparoscopy by Kurt Semm.

1978

In vitro fertilization first performed successfully by Patrick Steptoe.

1987

First laparascopic cholecystectomy performed (during a gynecologic laparoscopy) by Philippe Mouret.

Related Post